Where is Nova Scotia?"As the crow flies" Mainland Nova Scotia is less than 270 miles ( 430 kilometers) North East of Boston, Massachusetts, USA. For those with GPS, the co-ordinates for its capital city of Halifax are 44.6488 degrees N and 68.5752 degrees W. Much like Florida to its south, Nova Scotia is a peninsular and Route I-95 will take you a considerable part of its journey.
Nova Scotia past.While the First Nations Mi'kmaq community, a tribe associated with the great Algonqiuan race, was first to establish in Nova Scotia, Samuel Champlain a French explorer first made landfall not far from present day Bridgewater in 1603 and the first settlement was made in 1605 in Port Royal, now called Annapolis Royal. The French were the first European community to establish in what was then called Acadia and woukld come to be known as Acadians, a farming colony, from which the word Cajun is derived. The French would remain in Acadia for the next 150 years until expelled by the British and the farms were then occupied by the New England Planters. Along with United Empire Loyalists from the South, new communities sprung up in Nova Scotia, some of which were raided by privateers also from the USA. Nova Scotia remained largely neutral during the US Civil War but continued to trade with the North anbd the South. Outside of agriculture, the predominant industries were , Forestry, Fishing and Ship building. It is noteworthy that Samuel Cunard, builder of the Cunard Line was born in Halifax , the famous Marie Celeste was built in Nova Scotia, and the iconic Bluenose Tall ship, pictured on the dime, can still be seen in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
Nova Scotia present.Today the population of Nova Scotia is slightly less than 1,000,000 people and their ethnic origins are predominantly Scottish ,English and Irish,while French with 18%, First Nations with just over 5% and African Canadians with approximately 3%. comprise most of the remainder. Nova Scotia is evolving from a resource based economy. Much like California, today it is involved in defence, aerospace and film production. More than 500 companies are actively engaged in Information and Communications Technology. Michelin with three manufacturing facilities is the single largest employer in Nova Scotia. Tourism also contributes in large part to the economy and the Post Panamax port of Halifax is a port of call for many cruise ships and passengers.
Government.Nova Scotia is legislated by a parliamentary government system within the construct of a constitutional monarchy. The Head of State is Queen Elizabeth 11 and she is represented by a Lieutenant Governor. The parliamentary system is primarily a three party system consisting of Liberals, Progressive Conservatives and the New Democratic Party. More recently a Green Party which aligns with environmental interests has been added.
Education .For its size Nova Scotia boasts ten universities six of which are in Halifax alone. These universities attract students from around the world due to high ranking amongst all Canadian Universities and lower fees. The Nova Scotioa Community College has 13 campuses. Le College de L'Acadie and Ste Annes University are dedicated to French immersion. Nova Scotia is renowned as a centre for culture including art, literature, composers, singers and music, as well as sports.
Tourism.Spectacular views, beaches and cocktail waves await the newcomer to Nova Scotia. Coupled with galleries and museums, places of interest like the Bluenose 2, Peggy's Cove, World Heritage sites and lighthouses and first class hotels, B and Bs, elegant dining, pubs and night life, there is plenty to see and do in Nova Scotia...not to forget kayaking, whale watching, sport fishing, rafting, surfing and golfing.
For grape growing, wineries, climate and soils of Nova Scotia see dedicated menu.